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BROOKLYN, NEW YORK
1 able of contents
The Administration 3
The Elchanite Staff 5
Last Will and Testament 2 1
Hall of Fame 22
Reminiscing ... A Poem by Reeve Brenner 24
Senior Annals „ 25
Activities „ 41
Torah and Life, by Jules Nordlicht „ 54
Yemenite Jewry , by Zvi Sobel 56
A Lesson from Experience ... A Poem by Avram Orbach 60
The Voyage Under the Desks, by Sheldon E. Kornbluth 61
The Brook ... A Poem by Alan Scher 64
The Ideal Friendship , by Marvin Blackman 65
Peace, A Poem by Henry E. Hartman 68
A Background Study of Psychoanalysis, by Avram Orbach 69
Scholarship Awards 91
DR. SAMUEL BELKIN
With abiding faith that you will govern your
lives by the standard of the Torah and our
American democracy, and that you will consider
your education as a means to a greater end—
towards a concentrated service to G-d and our
fellow men, we congratulate you, the classes
of 1951, and wish you well-being and well-
DR. SHELLEY R. SAPHIRE
RABBI ABRAHAM N. ZUROFF
MR. SAMUEL LEVINE
Within the pages of this year bool<, from cover
to cover, can be found the striking story of will power
and the untiring efforts to attain one goal. With
the completion of this beautiful journal, the goal of
the students and of one particular individual, has
finally been realized. This year, as in the past four
years, our Elchanite faculty adviser has devoted much
of his very valuable time to this publication. And
so with this knowledge, we, the graduating classes
of 1951, humbly dedicate this Elchanite to our own
Rabbi Baruch N. Faivelson . . .
- FOUR -
Editor-in-Chief Sheldon E. Kornbluth
Activities Marvin Bashkowitz, Joseph Halbfinger
Art „ Abraham Orbach, Abraham Bruclcenstein
Features Aaron Schmerler, Bernard Hoenig
Photography Morton J . R ichter
Business Managers Henry E. Hartman,
William Kotkes, Bernard Greenbaum, Israel Yavne
Robert E. Bassell
Rabbi Baruch N. Faivelson
Art Associates Micha Botknecht,
Gilbert Goidfine, Samuel ZIotnick
Typists „ Dinah Leviton, Sarah Thaler
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
Shelley R. Saphire Principal
B. A., College of the City of New York, 1912;
M. A., Columbia University, 1913; Ph. D., 1920.
Abraham N. Zuroff Administrator
B. A., Yeshivah College, 1941; Rabbi, Yeshiva University, 1944;
M.A., Columbia University, 1948.
Harry Allan Art
B.S., Nev^ York University, 1931; M.A., 1933.
Robert E. Bassell English and Social Studies
B.A., Brooklyn College, 1940; M.A., 1942.
Isaac J. Cantor Spanish
B.A., New York University, 1922;
Professional Diploma, Teachers' College, 1921;
M.A., Columbia University, 1931.
Haskel Epstein Mathematics
M.E., Cornell University, 1922;
J.D., New York University, 1926.
Baruch N. Faivelson Hebrew
B.A., Yeshiva University, 1935; Rabbi, Mirer Yeshiva, 1938;
M.A., Columbia University Teachers' College, 1947.
Jacob D. Godin Spanish and French
M.A., College of the City of New York, 1932 M.S.E., 1933.
Sidney Gold English and Social Studies
B.A., College of the City of New York, 1930;
M.A., Columbia University, 1932.
Emery Grossman Music
Certificate of Music, 1930.
Majer Herskovics Hebrew
B.A., Jewish College of Czechoslovakia, 1940;
M.A., Pazmany Peter University, 1944;
Rabbi, Ungvar Rabbinical School of Czechoslovakia, 1932;
D.H.L., Yeshiva University, 1950.
Julius Jacobs Physical Education
B.A., College of the City of New York, 1929; hA.A. 1935.
Philip J. Kipust .jcience and Biology
B.A., Brooklyn College, 1950.
Julius Landowne Biology
B.S., College of the City of New York, 1904;
M.A., New York University, 1912.
Samuel H. Lebowitz Physics and Chemistry
B.S., College of the City of New York, 1922;
M.A., Columbia University, 1926.
Jechiel Lichtenstein French and Hebrew
Ph.D., University of Neuchatel, 1933.
Martin Lilker History and Economics
B.A., Yeshiva University, 1945; M.A., Columbia University, 1946.
Joseph Sarachek English
Ph.D., Columbia University, 1936.
Alex Shapiro Mathematics
B. A., Yeshiva University, 1946; Rabbi, Yeshiva University, 1949.
Joseph B. Strum English
B.A., College of the City of New York, 1929;
M.A., New York University, 1931.
Morris Turetsky Mathematics
B.S., College of the City of New York, 1931;
M.A., Columbia University, 1922;
LL.B., St. Lawrence University, 1927.
Samuel Levine Director
Dinah Levi ton Secretary
B.A., Brooklyn College, 1948.
Sarah Thaler Secretary
- SEVEN -
CLASS OF JANUARY, 1951
Class Secretary, 7; Hebrew Club Secretary-Treasurer, 1
Good-natured Herbie is a Boro Park boy and an
excellent Talmud student. He is going to Yeshi-
va University where he expects great things to
conne his way.
Silence is golden.
Class President, 4; Office Squad, 5.
Known to us as "Chusid", Jake comes from little
Jerusalem (Williamsburg) to preach his religious
doctrines. He is a Gemorrah major and can be
seen learning in his spare time.
All is if I have grace to use it so, grace in my great
Taskmaster s eyes.
Class President, 8 ; Elchanite Board, 8 ; Class Secretary
Treasurer, 3, 5,; Charity Collector, 1-3.
Bernie was always busy with the apparatus in
the science lab during his stay at T. A. He is
going to Yeshiva College where he is majoring
Elcbaiiile Board, 8; Class Vice President, 2: Library
Squad, 2; Class President, 4; Class Sanitation Mana-
ger, 5 ; Service Squad, 6.
Joe joined our class this past September, when
he decided to take' the 3I/2 year course. As the
class' comedian Joe's humor and jest put the
class in stitches, but gave Mr. Lilker much agony.
A foolish inconsistency is the hobgoblin of Utile minds.
Elchanite Board, 8; Library Squad, 1,6; Class Secretary-
Team, 1-8; Class Athletic Manager, 1.
Stan majored in basketball and on the side did
art work. He is Central High School's basket-
ball coach (oh, my!). To be a commercial artist
or architect is his ideal.
Class Debating Team, 4-8 ; President of Public Speaking
Famous as an orator, Norman preaches and
quotes the Holy Scriptures quite often. Some-
day Norman hopes to be a big Rabbi.
How street his voice, he just lores to talk.
- ELEVEEN -
*^^ ^ ^
G.O. President, 8; Class Debating Team, 7-8; School
Debating Team, 8; Class Sanitation Manager, 2,5,7,;
Class Vice President, 5; Office Squad, 5-7; Service
Squad, 5-7; School Choir, 3-5; School Chess Team, 1.
Aaron majored in extracurricular activities as he
sped to the scene on his bike. He made number
87 famous in TA. He is going to City College
where he hopes to become an electrical engineer.
Though he goeth on his way wee-ping, bearing the
store of seed, he shall come back with joy bearing bis
sheaves of success.
Class President, 1 ; Class Debating Manager, 4 ; School
Chess Team, 6j; Arista, 6-8; School Debating Team,
Judah seemed to take school as a matter of fact
and that's the way it came to him. His stupidity
in History won for him first prize among the
Yeshivas in the Journal American History Con-
In English fudah failed - to get a hundred.
Office Squad, 4, Sanitation Manager, 5.
He likes to be called ZVI, and agrees whole-
heartedly with Burns when the subject is Bro-
therhood of Man. He will qo to Brooklyn Col-
lege to increase his knowledge.
A wan is a man for all that.
- TWELWE -
Class Vice President, 8; Class Sanltalioii Manger, 4.
Moishe was the cash collector in the Yeshiva's
cafeteria, before he was graduated. He hopes
to own his own restaurant someday. Yeshiva
College is where he will go.
S/iU waler runs deep.
G. O. Vice President, 8; EJchanite Board, 8; Office
Squad, 6,1 ; Editor of Kolenii, 1 ; Class Vice President 4.
This happy-go-lucky fellow was rollbook and
admit keeper in Rabbi Yogel's class. Through
his efficient service many a student had an
admit when one was needed. He expects to
pursue his studies in Talmud at Yeshiva Uni-
Happiness is the key to success.
CLASS OF JUNE, 1951
Arista Vice-Leader 1, Arista 6,7,8, Class Vice-Presi
dent 3, Class Secretary 4, Activities Editor of Elchanite
7,8, Class Debating Team 4,5, Service Squad 7,8, Lib-
rarian, 7,8, Basketball Team trainer 8.
Although quiet and studious, "Mathematic" Marv
has always added to the achievements of our
class. As our able T. A. Basketball Trainer,
Marv had always looked forward to training at
Bentley. With the ambition of teaching Hebrew
(???) at Central, he will attend T. A. for his
■ — This mathematician can readily be called a "mathe-
Arista Secretary 8, Arista 8, Class Athletic Manager 8,
Class Vice-President 7, Service Squad 7,8, Office
Squad 7,8, Class Debating Team 7,8.
Good-naured Joe got through T. A. in his own
modest way. The famous Brownsville joker
always added to the color of Rev Yogel's class
with his versatility in combining Talmud with
jokes and weight lifting.
Joe "weighted'' four years to graduate high school.
Arista 8, T. A. Publications 7,8, Class President 3,5,
(Uptown), Uptown Basketball Team 5,6, Class Vice
President 4, (Uptown).
As a recent migrant from Uptown to Brooklyn,
Dunie has achieved popularity in a short period.
Using his witty talents, he has driven Mr. Lilker
batty at times. The famous artist has the dis-
tinction of always being late to class because of
his far distance from T. A. (???).
He drew lots and came "down" lo Brooklyn.
class Vice-PresideiH 8, Class Athletic Alaiiager 3,4,
Class Sanitation Manager 1,2, Charity Collector 1,2,3,4,
School Basketball Team 1-8.
One half of the famous Green twins, Joel
always posed the question to the class,
"Which twin has the Toni?" Voted the best
natured in the class, this Green hoopster has
rightly deserved this title. Hoping to be a
doctor, Joel expects to pre-med at Y. U. this fall.
Joel has never been "green" in his studies and sports.
Arista Leader 8, Arista 6,7,8, G.O. Athletic Manager
3, 7, Student Court 8, T. A. Publications 5, 6, Class
Athletic Manager 2, Class Vice-President 4, School
Basketball Team 1-8.
Disgusted Leible, the T. A. hoopster, finally had
his ambition realized this season by breaking the
156 point mark, with a new record of 196 points
in one season. As a rabid athletic fan, Leible
holds the distinction of being T. A. Athletic
Manager twice. He will attend Y. U. this fall,
where he will endeavor to continue his basket-
Dribble, dribble, toil and disgust.
HENRY E. HARTMAN
Arista 7,8, Student Court 8, Service Squad 6,7, Business
Manager Elchanite 7,8, Ojjice Squad 7,8, Class Presi-
dent 7, Class Vice-President 1,6, Class Secretary 5, Lib-
Old Reliable Hank, the famous T. A. office boy,
has decided to go into partnership with Godfrey
and the Lipton Tea Company. Rev Yogel has
promised full cooperation in this venture. Now
that he is being graduated, the office is pulling
hairs out to find another "answer to their prob-
lems", but we all know "T'aint nobody like our
Oh Henry.'.'.' He's as siieel as they come.
. FIFTEEN ■
Arista Leader 7, Arista 6,7,8, G.O. President 8, G.O
Athletic Manager 5, G.O. Debating Manager 1, Student
Court 8, Ekhanite Features Editor 7,8, Elchanite Re
porter 6, Sports Editor of "Star" 6, Class President 2,6,
Class Debating Manager 1,3, Class Debating Team
1-5,7, School Debating Team 7,8, School Basketball
While improving athletic, debating, Arista and
G. O. activities in T. A., Bernie had the honor of
breaking the 110 point record, by accumulating
an amazing 125 points through high school.
As Debating Champ, he gave Central its first
defeat. Bernie, the organizer and chief justice
of our Student Court, after much deliberation,
made a very wise decision.
Bernie attended school when nothing else iras on the
Class Athletic Manager 5, Class Sanitation Alan age r 1,
School Basketball Team 5-8.
As Berle's understudy. Gene, our class comedian,
has constantly spirited our class with his wonder-
ful talents. As the famous number 14 star in
the Ramaz game, he was instrumental in the
decisive victory. With his loud sportswear, Gene
has always advocated the changing of T. A.'s
colors to chartreuse and black.
Gene is the man xvith hair on his jest.
Arista Secretary 8, Arista 6,7,8, Class Sanitation Mana-
ger 8, Class Debating Manager 6.
Uncle Ruby, our Talmud scholar, is one of the few
loyal students of Bungalow Three. As an ardent
Zionist and Hebraist, Ruby set an outstanding re-
cord as being one of the quietest and nicest
fellows in the senior class.
Me finally made the Bored of Education.
- SIXTEEN -
President of Class 8, Class Athletic Manager 1, Lib-
rary 4, School Basketball Team 4-8.
Big, strong, and handsome Freddie, has gained
the admiration of all the students with his shiny,
expensive, deluxe Chewy (1935). Freddie at-
tends school when he is not busy with the fairer
sex and billiards . . .(?) The class Casanova will
take his mechanical attributes to T. I. in the fall.
His car is in first crash condition.
SHELDON E. KORNBLUTH
Arista Vice-Leader 8, Arista 6, 7, 8, Secretary of Arista
6, Editor-in-Chief of Elchanite 7, 8, Secretary of T. A.
Publications 1, Literary Editor of Elchanite 1, 8, Class
President 5, Class Debating Manager 5, Class Debating
Team 1-5, School Debating Team 8, School Chess
Shelie, who has a great mind for figures, has
always led the pace in the scholastic race, by
excelling in all of his subjects. In the past years
Shelie has added to the color of school elections
he has done a great job in grinding out this
by his "never die" spirit. As our Elchanite "Ed",
To be a T. A. Genius: one percent inspiration: ninety-
nine percent perspiration.
G. O. Athletic Manager 8, Elchanite Business Manager
7,8, Office Squad 5, T .A. Publications 3,4, Librarian 1,2
Class Athletic Manager 5, Class Sanitation Manager 6,
Co-Captain of Basketball Team 7,8, School Basketball
Handsome Willie finally realized his ambition
when he was elected T. A. Athletic Manager. He
proved to be one of the best in T. A.'s history.
As an idol of the younger students and Marty's
pal, Willie, the Central Coach, was quite popular
with his team and its managers.
He iras a conductor .it the Grand CENTRAL Station.
Arista 8, Librariati 1, Class Secretary 6, Class Sanitation
Manager 3, Service Squad 4, Class Debating Manager 7,
School Debating Team 1-5, 7, 8.
Serious and hard working, Normie has improved
from term to term until he finally became a
member of Arista. As one of Mr. Lilker's loyal
supporters for Economics, Normie intends to
tour Israel this summer with his friends Willie,
Bernie, and Ruby, to study its "economics".
Normie' s motto: G-d cannot alter the past, but histo-
Librarian 5, 6, Class Debating Manager 8, Class Deba-
ting Team 6, 7, 8, School Debating Team 1 . .
R. W. Emerson has finally found an ardent ad-
vocate of his non-conformist policy in our "Nu-
die". Constantly preaching his thesis on the
coverying of the "pinky", he has proven to be
quite a philosopher. As one of B'nei Akiva's
most loyal supporters, Jules will attend Y. U.
this fall to continue his Talmud studies.
"Communism in America isn't new," says Nudie, "the
first American Reds were the Indians.
Art Editor of Elchanite 7, 8,, T.A. Bubltcations Poster
Committee 4-6, T.A. Publication 5, 6, Artist for T.A.
"Star' 4, Librarian 2, 5, 6, 8.
Honest Abe, the Elchanite's Art Editor, has
proved himself quite a protege of Rembrandt.
Besides his active participation in the Library,
Abe has made history by being one of the few
to take every elective subject. He will go Up-
town this fall, with the anticipation of painting
the town red.
Raphael's paintings require no praise.
- EIGHTEEN -
Ar/s/a 8, Service Squad 8, AUeniale 7, Librurian 5, 7, 8,
T. A. Publication Tyj)isl 7, 8, Clan Vice-President 5,
Class Sanitation Squad Manager 7.
As one of the famous President Street boys, Irwin
has improved his neighborhood by always
shoveling snow. (???) The home run king of the
Lag B'Omer outing is deliberating staying in
T. A. one more year for another crack at Babe
Ruth's home run title.
School has been one long interruption of his daily
MORTON J. RICHTER
Photography Editor of Elchanite 5-8, T. A. Publications
Reporter 3, T. A. Publications Typist 1-8, School De-
bating Team 6, 7, Class Secretary 7, Service Squad 5,
Basketball Team Trainer 5, 6, 7, Class Debating Team
2, 3, 4, 7, Technical Editor of "Star" 4.
Smiling Morty was the only T. A. student to
ever run a photography business at the same
time that school was in session. Now that he
is a full fledged newspaper photog, it can be
disclosed that Morty got his start publishing
the international "La Nueva Voz". Strange as
it seems, Morty still hopes to be a great doctor.
Taking pictures to Alorty was always a snap.
Class Athletic Manager 1, Librarian 4, Class Santation
Manager 6, Co-Captain of Basketball Team 7, 8,
Basketball Team of School 3-8.
Howie, another owner of the famous Chewy
'35, is known to be a loyal student of Charles
Atlas. Although he tries to attend school Sun-
day morning, his "physical" health does not
allow it. (???) As the co-captain of our T. A.
team, intramural star, and weight lifting champ,
Howie was known to be quite an athlete. )
Education never interfered with his schooling.
Class Debating Team 7, 8, Librarian 6.
Avie, another migrant from Uptown, has proved
himself quite able in handling Macbeth as well
as shoe string catching at the Lag B'Omer outing.
One of the higher students in the senior class
(6'4") our class Hebraist expects to continue his
studies at a higher institute: the Yeshiva Uni-
"The last is the most beloved".
- TWENTY -
5ja0t Will anJi ©pBtamfttt
As it becomes necessary for the honorable (?) classes of '51 to leave
the realms of the Talmudical Academy, we, the class members, being fully
aware of the disastrous loss which befalls our school upon our departure,
deem it wise to bequeath unto our Alma Mater, lasting and im-
pressionable gifts, which will recall sweet memories of our worthy class.
Whereas we, the classes of '51 believing ourselves to be in sound minds (?)
and sound bodies (due to the magnificent gymnasium), do hereby benevolently
bequeath the following, not because we are growing old and feel that death
is near, but because we feel that we no longer have any use for the following
To Mr. Allan a moustache with a toni.
To Rabbi Berkowitz a new set of ashtrays.
To Mr. Cantor a compass and an Indian guide.
To Rabbi Faivelson a recording of his voice speaking on ads.
To Mr. Godin another kid to spy the new building.
To Mr. Grossman a phonograph to install in his car to play records.
To Mr. Jacobs a softer job.
To Rabbi Kanotopsky a bar of good humor.
To Mr. Landowne a drink from the fountain of youth (a schnapsle).
To Mr. Levine the hope that construction of T. A.'s new building will take
To Dr. Lichtenstein a new course in chutzpah and a briefcase equipped with
To Mr. Lilker a white shirt, tuxedo, AND the hope that he will find a beautiful
To Dr. Sarachek a year's supply of bananas.
To Rabbi Schussheim a pair of boots and a kosher salami.
To Rabbi Shapiro all the unsolved Math problems.
To Mr. Strum we leave the hairs we split in his class.
To AAr. Turetsky a machine to say keep still and do your woik.
To Rabbi Zuroff an automatic hand to write admits and a BIG OFFICE.
To Freddie a loudspeaker to remind the students not to sit on desks.
To the incoming Elchanite Board we leave all of the debts of the outgoing
All else that has not been mentioned we, the departing seniors, take
along with us, into the cruel, cruel world.
CHARLES FRIEDMAN, DDT, BS, MS.
CLASS OF JANUARY, 1951
Class Artist STANLEY JAFFEE
Best Natured SEYMOUR JAFFEE
Class Casanova EDMUND CHANOVER
Did Most For the School THE ENTIRE CLASS
Did Most For the Class BERNARD GREENBAUM
Handsomest MURRAY STEGER
Class Hebraist ISRAEL YAVNE
Class Humorist JOSEPH HALBFINGER
Class Idealist BERNARD SOBEL
Most Likely to succeed JUDAH SCHWARTZ
fWost Popular HERBERT BERGER
Class Orator NORMAN KLEINMAN
Most Versatile .'. ISRAEL BASSIUR
Class Thinker AARON SCHMERLER
Quietest JACOB BRAILOFSKY
Class Scientist MELVIN COHEN
Favorite Teachers MR. JOSEPH STRUM, RABBI BARUCH N. FAIVEL50N
CLASS OF JUNE, 1951
Most Ambitious ABRAHAM BRUCKENSTEIN
Class Artist ABRAHAM ORBACH
Class Athlete MORDECAI WEINSTEIN
Class Casanova FRED KAHANE
Class Comedian EUGENE HORN
Most Courteous I RWI N PECHMAN
Did Most For the School HENRY HARTMAN
Best Dressed MORTON RICHTER
Handsomest WILLIAM KOTKES
Class Hebraist AVRAM WEISSMAN
Cla . Historian NORMAN LISS
Most li-telligent SHELDON KORNBLUTH
AAost Likely to Succeed MARVIN BASHKOWITZ
Best Natured JOEL GREEN
Class Orator JULES NORDLICHT
Most Popular LEON GREEN
Pride of the Class BERNARD HOENIG
Most Versati le JOSEPH BREZAK
Class Zionist RUBIN HUTILER
Favorite Teacher MR. MARTIN LILKER
Favorite Rabbi RABBI H. KANOTOPSKY
By REEVE BRENNER
When I was a Freshie,
Open eyed I'd look,
And study so hard
Within my book.
And then, as a Sophomore
Of haughty height,
I'd look down at the freshies
With sheer delight.
I, then, was a Junior
Of superior fame;
No more school books for me,
You bow to my name.
And lastly, a Senior,
From T. A. I'll soon go.
I've had so much learning,
Nary a thing I don't know.
Freshie, Soph, Junior, Senior,
That was once my way.
But as of now I am
A graduate of T. A.
- TWENTY-FOUR ■
DIARY OF CLASS OF JANUARY, 1951
We were received in a special room set aside for our freshmean orienta-
tion by Rabbi Zuroff, Dr. Sapphire and Co. . . . Sent to the office because am told
am late .... But Rabbi Zuroff, am here on time, bells are early . . . Piracy
runs the school ragged as we learn "Treasure Island" . . . Small Pox breaks out
in N. Y. . . . Get vaccinated in lab with T. A. serum . . . Mr. Lilker teaches us
Hebrew and learns a bit himself . . . The horn blows at 2:30 p. m. every day . . .
Had a test in Civics . . . One question . . . Tell all you know about the federal,
state and city government. Use books, if necessary, and crayon if you have no
pen . . . This is High School? . . . Yavne breaks through ceiling . . . Detective
Cantor to get to bottom of it ... P. S.— He did . . . Ping-pong room becomes class-
room . . . Firecrackers set off in school . . . School paints windows "Green" on
Si". Patrick's Day.
We learn Spanish songs in Senor's class, and his jokes really make a
hit . . . "Full well they laughed with counterfeit glee" at all his jokes . . . We
have to pass the course, don'1 we? . . . Rabbi Moshe Klein wins scholarship
to Hebrew U . . . Mr. Allan grows mustache . . . Wotta bush! . . . Students
supply broomstick . . . Class starts daily, weekly, and monthly newspapers . . .
Marty teaches us math and how to know figures (Math figures).
DIARY OF CLASS OF JUNE, 1951
Greetings! The Talmudical Academy High School cordially invites you
to attend the first day of instruction for this year. Bring $2.50 for Gemorrahs . . .
So this is IT! It wasn't like this in those pamphlets. Where's that big dome? . . .
Meet a swell bunch of fellows. Crown Heights, Etz Chaim, Toras Ernes . . . Hum,
this looks like war . . . Wise guy senior tries to fool a smart freshie like me
with elevator stuff . . . What do you need one for? A Soph told me the swim-
ming pool was on the first floor . . . Classes begin . . . Tell me Rabbi Shusheim,
what was Lou Gehrig's batting average in 1929, from April 23, to July 8, when
he played for the Bluetail Spinners? . . . The Senor's room is turned inside out.
Secret Service organized . . . Take your face off and I'll slap your glasses . . .
Since when does sulphuric acid leak from these fluorescent lights? . . . But
Senor, how can we learn? It's dangerous . . . Finals, and nobody takes one
in Spanish . . . Something called "exemptions" . . . G. O. elections in June.
Little Leible Green dares to run against upper termers, and wins for athletic
manager . . . What a man! . . .
- TWENTY-SEVEN -
DIARY OF CLASS OF JANUARY, 1951
Mr. Landowne teaches us Biology ... He tells us that Bio is a subject
to loin in Goiman or Spinich (Spanish) ... "I can learn Spinich . . . Ha!. Hablamos,
hablais, hablamos, hatatos, haseidashababas" . . . Mass cut as 87% of school
goes to Pike Street to say Tehilim . . . Exemption mark upped to 90% . . . Julie
hears a noise . . . Says, "There's a bold inna tree . . . It's a robin. Spring is
here . . . Heh, hehl." . . Music teacher blinks at us . . . Bathroom basketball
players start league . . . Baseball, too . . . Everyone exempt from Bio final . . .
Bees can buzz while Julie plays golf instead of marking Bio finals . . .
Mr. Turetsky uses his "Shass"-math sefer with his Lamashals to teach
us Geometry . . . Class learns to dig ditches as they help to fix sidewalk near
school . . . School sends ambulance to Israel . . . Landowne says to boy, "You're
going to fail . . . You're too quiet. Heh!" . . . Result— this boy gets 87% on
regents . . . "Wha!" . . . "Cannot believe it" ... Dr. Sarachek tells the boys,
"Do not make noise or else leave the rooommm and go to a salooon" . . Landowne
says, "When the bell rings I don't give a rap. I leave the class" . . . Then he
runs down the fire escape . . .
DIARY OF CLASS OF JUNE, 1951
Well, we're big sophs now, and can sneer at those little freshies . . .
Morton J. Richter unanimously elected editor of the Spanish paper, "La Nueva
Voz" . . . New subject-Bio. . . . Hey, when you go into a shoe store, what do
you get? Kaynig — Kaynee - Kotkees. Who, Mr. Landowne? ... I don't
give a rap. . Heh, heh, you git a zeeero . . . BPABBP . . . Pretty easy course.
3/4 of our class fail first third . . . Well, finals again ... Bio final and average
mark 100; Music final . . . Write a composition of what you think of the
music class . . . Three more boys drop out of school ... Lag B'Omer outing
comes fast. First time together with another school . . . What's the name? Sounded
like Central . . . We'll be seeing more of them . . . Rabbi Yogel makes speech
at assembly . . . Students' day in June . . . Bob is brought to trial . . . takes off
jacket; opens tie and collar . . . Good sport . . . (Aren't we devils!) G. O.
elections in June again . . . Our class becoming known . . Bernie Hoenig starts
office holding by being elected athletic manager . . . Regents, and Spanish 4
again, and then the long awaited vacation . . . (Yawn) . . .
DIARY OF CLASS OF JANUARY, 1951
11 Chem majors . . . Bob gives us 187 Foreign words to memorize . . .
A la mode or else se me felo . . . Parties and class songs . . . Shaitels and Bows,
Give Me a School, When I was a Boy, etc., become famous throughout the
school . . . New fellow joins our class . . . Name is Murray Bomzer . . . Sure is a
nice fellow . . History midterm is rough as only a few boys pass . . . Class secedes
from G. O. as we write our Constitution on old treasure map . . . Only in fun.
We get student's day . . . First in T. A. . . . We win school plaque.
Class goes into action . . . With many songs and we become full of pep.
Monkey enjoys bananas . . . We buy Rabbi Faivelson a new fountain pen to
replace the one that was "misplaced" . . . Israeli maps go on sale as we learn
Hebrew geography . . . We buy " '50" hats and become opposites of the oppo-
sites in opposite order . . . Stanley Jaffe gets a zero from Marty for leaving his
" '50" hat home . . . Spanish six reads newspapers to become cultured . . . We
pul on a Chanukah satire and as a result Mr. Strum buys a new hat . . . King
Izzy blows in from Florida . . . We win the plaque again . . . G. O. elections.
Sixth term makes a clean sweep as Barondes becomes Pres., Rudoff Veep,
Goldstein Sec. Treas., and Greenfield Ath. Mgr. . . Aaron decides to run next
term . . . Rudoff, Barondes, Goldstein, Dimont, Heimowitz, Schatz, Bomzer and
Greenfield make a three and a half course ... Dr. Sarachek gives us checks
for our work . . . Too bad they look like this-, v . . .
DIARY OF CLASS OF JUNE, 1951
Back from vacation . . . fellows still look tired . . . Well, only two more
years. Choice of courses. Chem or free . . . Chemistry taken at your own
risk . . . What formula does K9 stand for? (woof, woof) . . . T. A. gets new gym.
Our English teacher shows how to fall asleep in one 40 minute period . . .
Boy, those television wrestlers are sooo comical . . . You back there. Pleeze leeve
the rrroom . . . Yes, rrright now, I say . . . Eugene Horn decides to joke his way
through the remainder of school . . . (and he does it!) .... Spring term finds
minor opposition between B. Bassel and Joe H. . . . New English assignments
a cinch . . . Know 650 words perfectly for tomorrow . . . Say, Senor Godin—
In Spanish we just don't get homework . . . What? and tests too? . . . 95's sud-
denly make a quick disappearance in Espanol . . . Morty becomes a pro photo-
grapher . . . Leible wins again for athletic manager of school . . . Freddy Kahane
gets 92 on Int. Algebra regents (Man!) ... No three and a half year course for
us . . . office does not want to mediate . . . wish we had a Dr. Bunche.
_ THIRTY-TWO -
DIARY OF CLASS OF JANUARY, 1951
Several boys take physics and become pulley experts ... So we move
into the submarine base for Hebrew classes . . . Charlie and Yavne compete
to see who can make a smaller gyp sheet . . . Mr. Friedman sinks in an overfolw
can. Physics student becomes weight lifter . . . G.O. elections . . . Seventh term
wins again . . . Schmerler becomes Pres., Yavne Veep, Chanover Sec. Treas. . . .
Green, Ath. Mgr. . . . Greenberg, Leiman, Kukoff, decide to graduate in August.
"Well had the boding tremblers learned to trace the day's disaster in
his (Sunday) morning face," (to Mr. Lilker) . . . We have a good time while we
learn English . . . Halbfinger, Cohen, Schwartz, Sobel join our class as they
make it in 3I/2 years . . . President Schmerler coins the phrase "I table it" as
the result of the fire at G. O. meeting . . . Cohen uses elbow pipe as free capital
in Economics . . . Weinstein calls in the plumber . . . Class goes high in Eco.
marks . . . Nov. 19. 1950 and it is exactly 87 years ago that Lincoln made his
Gettysburg address . . . We are dubbed "Sirs" by Mr. Lilker as he conducts a
U. N. meeting in the class in place of Sir Gladwyn Jebb . . . Cohen gets a zero
for disturbing Izzy from his doodling . . . President Schmerler delivers his
farewell address . . . Everybody's going to Y. U. (Yavne University) . . . The
ceilings are fixed . . . We are graduated and the mysterious smell circulating
in the Hebrew room is gone forever . . . Freshies again! ! I
DIARY OF CLASS OF JUNE, 1951
Well, this is what we've been waiting for . . . Shine up those senior
pins . . . Willie Kotkes becomes Central's coach (basketball) and is elected
co-captain of T. A. Team with Howie Treitman . . . Seniors go to New Jersey
on election day — to vote. Huttler becomes famous for tales of a hitchhiker in
English . . . Can you hear him back there, Treitman? Nah . . . We win SCHOOL
DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIP and medals . . . G. O. elections . . . Willie elected
G. O. athletic manager . . . Inevitable presidential race between Leible G. and
Bernie H. Bernie elected . . . New Hebrew 8 with the Professor . . . Pechmaaan!
Regents Scholarship ... If the area of a square is .00004 and height 10 feet,
how long will it take to fill it up with solidified coco-cola? Oh well, eeenie
meenie minie moe . . . Term goes too fast . . . Prom night (???) . . . Man from
Jewish Mail comes. Morty is now a Press Photographer, Duni a cartoonist . . .
And then the long awaited graduation . . .Receive diplomas . . . Shake hands,
find a lump in your throat and soon thoughts go back to that first day four
years ago ... It was swell— that surprise; swimming pool; the fellows; the
volleyball court . . . Yep, it's all over and we're back as freshies again.
NEW ANTHOLOGY OF POETRY BY
Israel Bassiur, who began as a poet critic in
T. A., became a writer after being graduated. It
is said that it took Mr. Bassiur some 80 odd months
in hermitage to write this book. It was acclaimed
as one of the best books to appear on the market.
Sale of this book is going like "Matzohs" Erev
Pesach. Among some of his works are "To A
Mouse" and "How to View the World."
YESHIVA UNIVERSITY STARTS FULL SCALE
Rabbi Herbert Berger was appointed by the
President of Yeshiva University to direct the Uni-
versity radio program called "Faith and Learning",
which is on the radio six times a week except for
Saturdays and religious holidays. This program is
an inspiration for the learning of Torah and has
succeeded in bringing about a movement of interest
for the practice of "Halacha".
Murray Steger recently opened the only large
kosher cafeteria in New York. The cafeteria has
two sections which are separated by two different
entrances; one section for meat and the other for
dairy. Moishe got his experience m handling the
T. A. cafeteria by serving as associate manager.
BELIEVE IT OR NOT
Brailofsky and Jaffe Supper Market located at
Eighty-seventhville, New York, recently, after many
years of alterations, has revealed its new policy. One
store will include a "Mechitza" for different clientele
formerly catered to. Each of them received their
grocery experience in theix fathers' stores.
NEW TYPE OF HOUSE BUILT
Stanley Jaffee, the architect, built a house which
is bomb resistant, cool in summer, and requires
little heat in winter. The ex-artist of T. A, went
to Yeshiva University and afterwards to Columbia
for his degree in architecture. The house is designed
in the shape of a basketball. One must go in circles
before finding the entrance. The diameter is 870
GREENWICH VILLAGE IS DISTURBED
Norman Kleinman, noted preacher of the vil-
lage, recently reviewed "Anthology of Poetry" by
Israel Bassiur. On Sunday, the 20th of December,
10,000 people watched Mr. Strum eat his hat (as
he promised once). Police were called to keep order
Jaffe and Brailofsky Supper Market supplied the
salt and pepper for the occasion.
ENGINEER COMPLETES 87th JOB
Israel's greatest electrical engineer, Aaron
Schmerler, completed today his eighty-seventh job.
His success is due to his political pull, the knack
for which he acquired as president of the G. O.
of T. A.
Aaron arrived in Israel by bicycle immediately
after completing his studies in City and Polytech
Only because of his characteristic devotion and
sincerity, exhibited yet in his high school days, will
Mr. Schmerler continue his work at engineering and
fjot stop at 87.
■ THIRTY-FOUR -
ISRAELI CABINET MEMBERS ARE PAINTED!
The two Israeli cabinet members, Reuben
Huttler and Jules Nordlicht, have finally agreed to
teach the country Gemorrah, and have pledged to
each other, lasting friendship. As a symbol of this
friendship, the two great duet painters from America,
Dunie Bruckenstein and Abe Orbach, were called
from Brooklyn, to paint a double portrait of the
two Israeli government men. The painting will
hang in the United Nations Building, in place of a
broken window pane.
The two Israelites, Huttler and Nordlicht,
represent different parties in the government. Ruby
is known to be the leader of the "Nischt Madlach"
Party which is against co-education in our parochial
schools. The other party, led by Jules, "Nudie"
Nordlicht, is called the "Pinky Party" which ad-
vocates all non-conformist policies.
Dunie and Abe, the modern painters, can be
hired for Bar-Mitzvahs, weddings and graduations.
Abe is especially known for his Elchanite painting,
called the "Syncopated Clock when Unwound."
The other artist, Dunie, Brucky, Abe, or any other
name you might call him, has painted a picture for
the Metropolitan Museum of Art, entitled, "The
Soldier with the Crooked Head."
U. S. WINS BASKETBALL CHAMPIONSHIP,
From Moscow, Russia, comes the exciting news
that the United States Basketball Team led by Leon
(Wah Wahl Green, his brother Joel (Cliff) Green,
and the amazing center Dick Weinstein, .has just
captured the World Basketball Championship frorc
the Russian Hoopsters. Upon arrival at the Stalin
Stadium, the team was greeted with a 6 A-Bomb
salute. The Russians were permitted to foul and
run ofT-side, yet the Americans managed to w'w
the game by one point. Dick Weinstein, who playec/
an excellent defensive game, (defending himself),
was almost shot off the court for complaining to the
referee, Joe Stalin, about a "silly minor point" — tha;
the Soviets were using 8 men. His teammate, Joe'
(Cliff), came up with a play entirely new to basket
ball, which outwitted the Russians. This amazing
play is known as the "Kazatska Fakel" After the
three hour game, Wah Wah Green, the team's high
scorer with 5 points, gave his opinion of the con-
test by saying: "Betsy — I'm disgusted!"
A few thousand miles away in Madrid, Spain,
Joe Brezak of the United States, was breaking the
World Olympic Record, for lifting dumb-bells. Mr.
Brezak, a graduate of the Talmudical School for
Weight Lifters, smashed the record in the following
way: At twelve noon, Joe lifted ten thousand pounds
of dumb-bells over his head. They were divided
into 20 — 'lOO pound pieces. Complaints have been
made, saying they were Russian made dumb-bells
and weighed less in the heads.
- THIRTY-FIVE -
ACCOUNTANT AND BUSINESS MAN CONFER!
From the fishy states of New England, word
is received that the "Fish King" Professor Henry
Hartman, is now flying to Washington in his Piper
Cub to confer with the chief accountant in the De-
partment of Commerce, Mr. Sheldon Kornbluth.
Professor Hartman, known by his close friends as
"Hank", has invented a new type of fishing rod,
by which he claims he caught five thousand skinless
and boneless sardines, within two days. He is
also the inventor of a new kind of sardine, that
come out of their cans easily. For a hobby, Hank
works as a Tea Taster for the Talmudical Company.
Mr. Sheldon Kornbluth, the personal accountant
for the Hartman Concerns, when he is not busy
with government work, will attempt to get a patent
on the new fishing rod, by "pull". Shelie, as he is
called by the President of the U. S., has promised
to account for every sardine caught by the new
rod. Mr. Kornbluth, who is known for having a
good brains for "numbers", is also very good at
addition and multiplication. He runs a tropical
fish and rabbit farm . . .
BASKETBALL SCANDAL BREAKS IN BROOKLYN
One of the biggest basketball scandals in the
history of the Brooklyn Borough was smashed wide
open today by the famous racket-busting District
Attorney, Bernie Hoenig. The case broke after the
D. A. waited four years on the Talmudical Academy
bench to finally arrest a bookie known to the under-
world as "P. U." The arrest occured in a con-
verted used-car salesroom, where P. U. was found
unsuccessfully trying to bribe five T.A. basketball
stars to throw their Jefferson High J. V. game.
After the arrest, Mr. Hoenig, a candidate for Go-
vernor on the Bull-Oney ticket, proudly told repor-
ters at a press conference: "I always did smell
something funny about that bookie" . . .
It has also been rumored that the arrested man,
P. U., has atempted to hire the renowned criminal
lawyer, Mr. Avy Weissman, to defend him in court
against the District Attorney who, by the way, is
an old classmate of his. Attorney Weissman is
especially known for his case of Madidaughter
versus Pabury, where the latter was murdered by
the former. The attorney won a great victory when
he succeeded in having the case dismissed, on the
grounds of a forfeit, since Pabury failed to appear
at the trial. (?.^?)
HORN SETS NEW MARATHON RECORD'
Internationally-known television, radio , and
movie comedian Gene Horn has just shattered all
existing records in the "Berle Laugh Marathon", by
telling continuous jokes in the Talmudison Circle
Garden for fourteen straight days, with a straight
face ! The famous star and master of ceremonies
will be awarded with a tiny chartreuse yarmalkah to
fit his crew hair-cut, and the long awaited chance
to shake Bob Cousey's hand. Mr. Horn was given
his big chance when he started his career on the
stage of a small theater in New Jersey. . . .
NEW K & T AUTO SCHOOL
OPENS IN BORO PARK
Ten years ago, this paper announced the fact
that a new corporation was formed in Brooklyn
for the opening of a new and advanced teaching
auto school. Now, we are happy to announce that
insurance for the original car was granted, and the
first Kahane and Treitman Auto Driver's School will
proceed to give courses. Mr. Howie Treitman, the
business manager and executive, has announced that
all the 150 trainer cars are streamlined 1935 Chev-
rolets, and that all the cars are fully equipped with
a motor and four wheels. The chief instructor,
Freddie Kahane, has told the reporters that he will
personally give lessons to the first one thousand
students. The course consists of four fifteen minute
lessons for $50. 1) The power and push of a car
— one pushes in the front and one in the back.
2) Hints on speeding. 3) How not to turn cor-
ners. 4) How to shift — from this school to
another one . . .
STOCK MARKET REPORT:
NEW FACTORIES BUILT!
From Wall Street comes the exciting news,
that the three President Street multi-millionaires,
William Kotkes, Norman Liss, and Irwin Pechman,
have just opened and dedicated three new factories
on Crown Street, where they are slowly hut surely
gaining territory. Since each millionaire now has
a total of 53 block long factories, Washington, D.C.
was faced with the question of whether to take Anti-
Trust proceedings or not. It was later decided that
the three men are very "Trustworthy", and therefore
action will not be taken at the present. Mr. W. Kot-
kes, known as Handsome Willie, designer and manu-
facturer of a new type of nurses' uniforms, held
dedication ceremonies in his new factory this after-
noon, Willie's modern factory is especially equipped
with a special gym, where he can be found
coaching the world famous basketball team, the
Centralites . . . Mr. Norman Liss, the Mr. Yeshiva
of 1951, has built two unique attachments to his
factory — a gymnasium in his textile plant, where
he works with his dumb-bells, and a room stacked
with broken television sets, which he can easily
repair due to his knowledge of physics acquired in
T. A. . . , Sir Irwin Pechman Esq. was unable to
be in Brooklyn today for the dedication of his baker's
factory, but dedicated it by radio control from his
Florida plantation, where he is retired at the ripe
old age of twenty-one
SCIENCE AND MEDICAL FIELD REVOLUTIONIZED
Doctor Morton J. Richter, the first graduate of
the Yeshiva University Medical School, has just
revolutionized the medical field by his amazing 30
hour operation, where he replaced the heart of an
unsatisfied customer with two G. E. flash bulbs,
and a photographer's time clock to keep up the
heart beat. After much persuasion, the smiling
surgeon modestly verified rumors that he performed
this very delicate operation with his left hand, while
taking pictures with his right. Ofiice hours are
between the hours of seven and nine P. M. . . .
Before this reporter left the University, he was
led on a personal tour of the Yeshiva Atomic Re-
search Laboratories, where he was introduced to the
world famous mathematician and scientist. Professor
Marvin Bashkowitz. After an interview, the young
professor hinted that he has finally completed his
latest discovery — the Y-BOMBl Although he re-
fused to delve into the effects of this bomb, it is
believed that the Y is combined with the A (Atomic)
and H (Hydrogen) weapons, it produces a "H.A.Y.
Capsule", which, when exploded, exterminates all
insects by bacteriological warfare it gives them
HAY FEVER! (It can also be used as a hair dye).
■ THIRTY-SEVEN ■
♦^ AUTOGRAPHS *^
^ ^ t% ^i^
The General Organization
The G. O. of our school has proved itself to be one of the most competent
students' organizations during this past year. It has continued its extensive
program for the benefit of all students.
An important event planned by the G. O. was the "Chanukah Chagigah"
when a beautiful program v^as arranged and refreshments were served. Fifth
term, judged by an executive committee, was awarded first prize for having
the best song and skit. The club period every Sunday morning has proven a
success; contest programs were held in each club, and medals given to those
who accomplished the most.
■ FORTY TWO .
In line with its manifold activities, the G. O. has executed the following:
purchase of hats, buttons, T-shirts with a new Yeshiva emblem, an athletic
subsidiary which assured the continuance of athletics, assemblies, a new G. O.
office established above the gym, a new revision of the previous point system
for service, a newspaper of its own called the "Star", and, most important,
the initiation of popular referendum.
All in all, the G. O. saw one of its most successful seasons. Officers
for the fall term were Aaron Schmerler, Israel Yavne, and Edmond Chanover,
and for the spring term, Bernie Hoenig, Isaac Sherman, and Nathan Olshin.
We thank Mr. Strum, the faculty adviser, for his splendid cooperation
in inspiring the success of the G. O.
The Arista consists of a selected group of students wlio are outstanding
in their character, scholarship, and services to the school. To become a mem-
ber, the candidate for Arista is voted upon by the Assembly and then inter-
viewed by the Arista Senate, a group of faculty members. This year more
members entered Arista than ever before, and accordingly greatly increased
its activities. The activities were: a lecture to entering freshmen on different
school phases, a pamphlet printed on school programs, clubs and their functions,
and the continuance of the coaching squad for those who were behind in their
Mr. Samuel Leibowitz has served well as the faculty adviser. Officers
for the fall term were Bernie Hoenig and Marvin Bashkowitz, and for the
spring term, Leon Green and Sheldon Kornbluth.
- FORTY-FOUR -
This organization, which has gained the respect of all students, consists
of a court of five judges: the President of the CO., Vice-President, and three
The court has helped to better cooperation on the part of the students
as far as school is concerned. It has cooperated closely with the Service
Squad. If a student, in the opinion of a Service Squad member, has violated
any of the cleanliness regulations of the school, he was brought before the
This season, seventeen cases have been brought before the judges.
The punishments for those found guilty have been of he nature of suspension,
fines, and cleaning rooms of the buildings for a certain number of days.
As is being observed, the rooms are cleaner and the attitude of students
toward their school has improved. This has happened because the students have
learned to respect the authority of such a well organized activity.
The Debating Society
Organized inter-class and inter-sclnool debating in T. A. is under the
sponsorship of the Debating Society.
This year, the debating team with its large staff, has carried out a
system through which at least five members take part in each debate; two
debaters, one rebuttal, and the newest addition of all, two reference men.
These reference men assemble information for the speakers. The school has
shown fine spirit in its attendance and careful interest in the debates. The
most important and profitable feature of these debating sessions was the
criticism and suggestions given to participants just before the decision was
The activities of the debating team consisted of four debates. Two
were with our brother-school T. A. Uptown, and two were with our sister-school
Central. T. A.'s record turned out to be two won and two lost.
The topics in the order of which they were debated were, 1) "Resolved:
Germany Be Rearmed," 2) "Resolved: Universal Military Training Be Institu-
ted in the United States," 3) "Resolved: The Communist Party in the United
States be Outlawed," 4) "Resolved: The Federal Government should have
Control of the Railroads."
Also, inter-class debating was at its best this year. A new system of
having two leagues was formed in which each class has five debates. The
present June graduates who won the championship were awarded beautiful
Our two debating managers, Bernie Hoenig and Herbert Leibowitz,
are to be congratulated for doing a superlative job.
The Service Squad
One of the most instrumental activities of this past year has been the
Service Squad. With its influential effect, it has molded the character of our
students. Working in close cooperation Vi/ith the Student Court, the Service
Squad has helped to preserve property, institute a system of cleanliness, and
maintain decorum at assemblies and debates.
This term, over seventy-five applications were voted on by the G. O.
Executive Council, until the top eighteen in the school were elected and approved
by the entire student body. The squad is led by our G. O Vice-President who
presides at all Service Squad meetings. They are on patrol every recess and
lunch hour in the street, in front of the school, and in every room in our two
Besides the regular members, the squad has three alternates who spe-
cially patrol the gym to make certain that all refuse is properly placed in the
grabage disposal units provided for.
Due to the Service Squad, the entire school has benefited in that it
is now more orderly and kept cleaner than ever before. This organization
signifies one that is ready to aid in the furthering of the standards and ideals
of the school.
Situated on the third floor of the main building is the Talmudical
Academy Library. As the student body has annually increased, the facilities
of the library to accommodate these students have also grown. The library's
collection consists of more than 1,000 books. It has a weekly circulation of over
100 books. There are four important sections in the library at the present
time: an extensive Hebrew section, a well selected English section, a complete
reference section, and an edition of every textbook being used in the school.
The visiting hours have been greatly extended and the library is open now
until six o'clock on weekdays and one o'clock on Sundays. Two librarians are
on duty every period during these hours. Every student have been made a
member of the library by filling out the required cards which were distributed
throughout the school. These have been a few of the many improvements of
our library for the convenience of the students.
It is due to the diligence and untiring effort of our newest and youngest
faculty member, Mr. Abraham Leibowitz, that our library's progress has been
so marked. His assistant and chief librarian is Gilbert Davidowitz. These two
have made our library a comfortable and inviting place to study.
T. A. Athletics
Yes, Athletics this year has proven to be one of the greatest features
of all school activities. Its top notch basketball team under coach Hal Jetter,
for the first time in years had a home court to play on.
A great event took place when the team won the semi-finals of the
Jewish Schools' Metropolitan Basketball Tournament. In the finals of this
great series, T. A. lost to its brothers of Uptown. The entire club and the
coach were given trophies for their outstanding performance.
The athletic activities included a Junior Varsity Club sponsored by the
G. O. under the leadership of Mike Greenfield, an extensive well organized
program during the Lag B'Omer outing, an intramural foul shooting contest in
which a medal was presented to the winner, and a punchball tournament. Eighth
term won the plaque and trophy.
The two Athletic Managers, Leon Green and William Kotkes, who did
great jobs, hope that future athletics at T. A. will continue to be inspiring.
6/ }UIES NORD'JCHT
I never cease to be amazed and perhaps a bit terrified at the befuddled
thinking that a large section of our orthodox Jewry is displaying. This group
makes a distinction between Torah and life, and fixes definite times for the
Torah. It restricts its sphere of influence to such times as when Israel gathers
in the Synagogue and schools during Sabbath and festivals, at mealtimes and
the like. It leaves many significant areas of life, such as economic problems,
open to other influences. To this group one may say, "You have violated the
law," as indeed anyone who fixes a definite time for the Torah violates the law.
For it forgets that the commandment concerning the Torah applies when "Thou
sittest in thy house, and when thou walkest by the wayside, and when thou
liest down, and when thou risest up." The Torah applies to all times.
To be religious does not primarily mean to pray, although prayer is an
essential part of religion. Nor does religion mean adherence to the "dinim"
categorized in the "Shulehan Aruch," although this too is an essential part. Indeed,
to set aside part of life and to call it religion is in direct opposition to the
- FIFTY-FOUR ■
philosophy of the Torah, as it implies that there is a sphere of life from which
G-d is excluded. To be religious means to live a life of Torah in every phase of
life. For instance, a religious worker who seeks a solution to problems con-
nected with labor in the code of Socialism, and in his capacity as a religious
Jew conducts himself in accordance with Judaism only in the Synagogue on
Sabbath and festivals, is a worker who lives a religious life. But he is not
a worker who lives a life of Torah, however much he may find the Torah
approximates his Socialism. For when a worker is "also religious," his outlook
as a worker will take precedence over the outlook of the Torah. The same
applies to a religious businessman who in matters of business obeys the busi-
ness code and in private affairs, the rabbi. Here too, the ideal businessman is
the one who in his business also lives a life of Torah.
Associated with this is the fact that the classical Hebrew of the Torah,
has no word for religion. This can be easily explained. Religion in the
Biblical sense means life itself. The Torah does not use the word religion
because to the Torah everything is religion. According to our way of thinking,
the Torah regulates man's entire life in the city and in the village, in commerce
and in industry, and even the relationship between Israel and the other nations,
for the Torah is all embracing. We, therefore, may find the answers to all the
various problems that naturally arise in the course of generations. The Torah
cannot be said to be "old-fashioned" or "out-dated" since it was written
thousands of years ago. This divine law, even now, is perfect and when
G-d gave it lo Moses on Mount Sinai, it was given for all time. If we
fail to find the answers to the questions that perturb us, it is only because we
have not labored enough therein.
If the aforementioned group of befuddled Jewry would only look from
the Torah point of view and truly get themselves to understand it as if it were
written yesterday, then the sooner would they realize that the Torah takes
under its wing all phases and periods of life and no distinction in any way,
can be made between it and life as we live it today.
. FIFTY-FIVE ■
Its History and Influence on Israeli Culture
By ZVI SOBEL
Every week for the past two years, a large Silver Constellation has set
down at an airport in Israel, disembarking, usually, from seventy to one hundred
black men, women, and children. Frightened, dirty, hungry, and very uncertain
as to what the future holds in store for them, these Yemenites, black Jews from
the tiny Arabian kingdom of Yemen just north of the British protectorate of Aden
at the tip of the Red Sea, are being flown to Israel at the rate of about one
hundred each week as part of the plan known as "Operation Magic Carpet",
which will, in the course of about another year, make Yemen totally "Juden
In order for one truly to understand the influence that this influx of
oriental Jewry has had on Israel's political, economic, and cultural setup, it
Is first necessary for one to have some knowledge of their background and
cultural life in Yemen.
After the destruction of the first temple in 586 B. C. E., the Israelites
went into exile, most of them going north to Babylon while a few thousand
went south to Yemen. At first, the Jews were well accepted by the heathen
inhabitants of the land, and found life in Yemen very comfortable. They were
for the most part silver- and gold-smiths, which trade they carried on up until
the present time. They dealt also, to a smaller degree, in carpet-making,
weaving, and pottery.
With the coming of Islam, however, came persecution and degradation
to this most ancient of Jewish communities in the world, and they suffered
terribly until the sixth century, when by some historically unexplained miracle,
a Jewish king by the name of Dhu Nuwas arose in Yemen. This, needless
to say, resulted in the betterment of conditions for the Jews of that tiny land.
From the sixth ta the twelfth century, the Jews of Yemen were com-
pletely shut off from their brethren in other lands, resulting in the rise of an
entirely new oriental Jewish culture.
Whereas in the western lands, the Jews fitted themselves to some
degree into the cultural pattern, the Jews of Yemen remained a separate and
completely unintegrcted g.-'oup. An example of this is the fact that the
Yemenite still practices polygamy, the Yemenite father still reserves the right
to sell his daughter if he so chooses, and the overall position of the Yemenite
woman which has not changed to any marked degree since 586 B. C. E.
After the reign of Dhu Nuwas, there came a long line of oppressor
kings which has lasted up until our present day. The Jew today in Yemen
is forbidden to plead any case, civil or criminal, against a Moslem. He is
forbidden to build a twostory house, thereby causing the Jew to dwell in
- FlfTY-SEVEN -
cave-like habitats. The Jew may not ride a horse or a donkey, which would
imply that he is higher that an Arab.
The Yemenites have an interesting rationalizatici as to why they suffer,
one that has taken on the trappings of a folktale. It seems that when the Jews
were allowed to return to their land and rebuild their temple, Nehemiah, the
Jewish leader at the time, sent a messenger to Yemen asking his brethren to
return. The Yemenites, being traditionally silver workers, were very much
needed in order to restore the Temple to its original beauty and magnificence.
They refused to return due to the fact that their lives in Yemen were at that
time free and comfortable. For this great sin, they claim, G-d has been punishing
them with poverty, disease, and persecution for more than two thousand years.
In 1910, S. Yavnieli was sent as a "Shaliach" of the "Yishuv" to Yemen
in order to start immigration rolling to Palestine. The Yemenites were suspicious
of him at first, saiying he was an agent of the Sultan or a slave trader who
would brand them as his own the moment they left Yemen. After more than
a year of speaking and working among the people, his mission was deemed
partly successful with the arrival in Palestine of some six hundred Yemenite
Jews. The exodus continued on an extremely small scale with about eigiity
or ninety Jews arriving in Palestine each year, until 1949, when the Israeli
government undertook "Operation Mrjgic Carpet," which is now in the process
of clearing Yemen of its Jews.
The Yemenite Jew, although miserably poor in the econoTiic sense,
does not come to Israel with nothing to offer. He brings with him the results
and products of a unique oriental Jewish culture strangely tinted by the surround-
ing Arab culture and yet having a distinctly Jewish character. This Yemenite
influence has been and continues to be felt in almost every aspect of Israeli
culture and specifically in song and dance.
The majority of Israel's people are from the western European countries,
and when they immigrated to Israel, they brought with them the culture of their
respective sections, including a great deal of musical knowledge and skill. Very
interesting effects were produced when to the brassy music of these western
countries were added the soft, haunting woodwinds of the Yemenites. From
- FIFTY-EIGHT •
this came such well-known pieces as "El Ginot Egoz" and Ben Zion's "Israeli
Suite". In the folk music coming out of Israel, there is a marked trend toward
the lofty Arabic music set off by shepherds' flutes which blend themselves
beautifully with the graceful dance steps of the Yemenites. Strangely enough,
the Yemenite influence in the dance has made itself felt through the medium of
partner dancing. I say strangely due to the fact that among the Yemenites
mixed dancing is forbidden. Most of the creative dancing is done by the
women and children, while the men confine themselves to dancing of a
religious nature. This, however, is not true in Israel, where the dance has
for the most part evolved into mixed duets and circle dancing.
In the field of dance, Yemenite women have been responsible for the
popularization of costume jewelry among the Israelis. It is very interesting
to note that even if it mean1 nol having enough money to leave Yemen, the
women would part with their jewelry only with the utmost reluctance. The
jewelry is usually made of silver or copper and done entirely by hand. The
emphasis is very much on oval and round forms, set off by jagged edges and
having a centerpiece of colored stone.
Another distinct contribution of Yemenite Jewry has been the intro-
duction oi "falafeh", a gooey, peppery morsel of food that is the Israeli
equivalent of the hot dog. It is sold by street vendors and one is expected to eat
it with one's hands. The Yemenites curse anyone who dares to eat his "falafeh"
with a knife and fork to eternal indigestion.
There are many, many more Yemenite additions to Israeli culture,
Vv'hich will in the course of time crystallize and prove that of no small importance
were the contributions of the world's oldest Jewish community to its youngest.
A Lesson From Experience
By AVRAM ORBACH
The day seemed pleasant though a bit too lonely
For the young man on the corner waiting for the bus.
He had been waiting — Oh so long.
When a man in his fifties, came along.
No sooner had they met when in conversation they indulged,
And the topic seemed to cause the young man to anger.
" .... is money nothing?"sprung up the youth as if to say that it meant all.
"Nothing, nothing," said the gent. "Money means nothing — nothing at all.
"Money, money," the elderly man continued, "I tell you, my son, it's no good.
For is it not the cause of many a person's suicide?
For is it not the cause of many a person's murder?
And is it not the cause of so much hate?"
The elderly man continued with that calmness and vigor
While the youth kept on listening with an open ear.
When all of a sudden a large limousine stopped by for the genf.
And the young man still stood waiting for the bus . . . wondering.
7<^ ^(^cfo^e Ti^tden. t^ Desks
2>ySH^lDOH E. KORNBLUTH
The class was in an uproar. Sitting in my uncomfortable seat, I looked
around the room at the aroused students who, seeing the teacher leave, seized
the opportunity to release their pent up emotions in the typically classroom
manner. Two boys were arguing in one corner and a third was vainly trying
to be recognized. A blitzkrieg of chalk and board erasers awakened the few
students who were still in the depths of slumber and had them join in the bedlam.
' As my gaze wandered, I saw in a far corner of the room, an interesting
contest between two boys. Artie Green was engaged in friendly battle with
Jackie Klein, trying to see who was the stronger. This was to be decided by
having the first one pinned to a desk, lose the contest. The battle raged
furiously amid the din. "Come on, Artie" I yelled. "Let's see you do it." His
only answer was a loud grunt, for Jackie was beginning to force him down-
ward. With an "Oh, no you don't" he succeeded in escaping the desk and turned
the tables on his opponent.
One cannot blame us for acting the way we did, for these wild class-
room scenes are an ancient tradition. When is it that a boy can show his wit
or power of brain or body, if not while he is among his friends? It seems
that this belief was present in everyone's mind.
Suddenly a cry pierced the din. "Mr. Pincus is coming. Stop every-
thing!" As rapidly as firemen respond to a four alarmer, we responded to this
warning. In the small matter of about three seconds the room was back in
plaice with its occupants seated as innocently as angels. It was only when I
heard a resounding thud, as that of a body striking wood, that I glanced to
the aforementioned corner and saw the two boys still locked in combat. They
had apparently not heard the warning and only when the door opened did
they fully comprehend the situation. Immediately, Artie dropped behind the
desk and Jackie, being caught in an upright position, pretended to be looking
for something under the desk. After he thought he had convinced Mr. Pincus
sufficiently, he returned to his seat. The only indication of the previous scene
was a beautiful red blush on the face of Mr. Klein and the conspicuous absence
of Mr. Green.
"I had an important phone call, boys. I'm sure that you used this
spare time profitably." As Mr. Pincus said this I saw a twinkle in his eye,
indicating he knew what had happened, but refrained from reprimanding us,
for at one time he too was a boy. Out of the corner of my eye, I watched poor
Artie squirming in his uncomfortable position under the desk. Mr. Pincus,
strangely enough, remained standing and did not commence the lesson as was
his usual custom. Instead, with an ever so slight smile on his face, he looked
toward the desk.
The class could no longer restrain its laughter. Turning in our seats, we
looked at the desk which by now had attracted more attention than if it was
painted a bright red. I realized only too well, and I'm sure that Artie was a
partner to my thoughts, that suspension from class was forthcoming for this
incident. Artie, making a very untimely decision, decided that he had better
be found in his seat before the attendance was checked. How was this to be
done? 1 was dumbfounded when I saw my question answered. On his hands
and knees, Artie began crawling, creeping, and dragging along the not too
- SIXTY-TWO -
clean floor, under the low seats, brushing pairs of legs out his path. By this
time the class, myself included, had tears in its eyes from continuous laughter
and, picturing what his parents would say if they saw him now, only brought
a fresh stream of tears.
However, Artie Green wasn't laughing. No, he was far from being
merry. He probably was completely oblivious of what was happening, for he
seemed to think that his journey was progressing unnoticed. Just then someone
dropped a book, whether it was by accident or on purpose is still a mystery to
this very day, and as expected, it landed squarely on the head of Mr. Green.
Artie opened his mouth as if to cry out, but on second thought he decided he
had better not do this or his position will immediately be exposed. So Artie
quietly continued along his way, under seat and desk, praying that Mr. Pincus
will not notice his absence.
After his long and arduous task, Artie finally reached the outskirts of
his objective— his seat. With one last push he managed to place himself
directly under it. Here was the climax. Would Mr. Pincus see Artie and
therefore suspend him, or would his endeavor be successful and no one notice
him? As a cork pops out qf a champagne bottle. Green popped up from the
floor into his seat, trying to portray innocence on a face that was beet red.
Then it happened. As he looked up, he found his image mirrored in
the eyes of Mr. Pincus. The previous red on his face now changed to a pale
white. He was expecting 4 weeks' suspension. One was able to see the beads
of sweat on his forehead. "Mr. Green," said Mr. Pincus, as the room suddenly
became quiet. "It so happens that all your work was in vain. The previous
commotion in the room must have been tremendous for otherwise you would
have heard the dismissal bell ring, and there would have been no need for
so difficult a job as you tried to attempt." Green was shocked, and slowly
but surely his handsome face lit up in a broad smile of relief.
By ALAN SCHER
If we but dare to stop and think,
How trivial is our life,
Then we might totter on the brink,
Of ending all our strife.
But let our lives be as the brook's
That flows into the stream.
Which enters on a river
That moves on like a dream.
And flowing into the ocean
How small the brook does seem.
Yet were it not for little brooks.
There would not be a stream.
And lacking streams and rivers
How would the ocean seem?
Thus it is with our shorl- lives.
As short as they may seem.
They each contribute a certain thing
To life's neverending stream.
By MARVIN BLACKMAN
"I am distressed for thee my brother,
Jonathan; very dear has thou been
unto me; wonderful was thy love
for rne; surpassing the love of
We speak very often of friendship. However, many of our supposed
friendships do not deserve that appelation. The ardent devotion, the intimate-
ness, and all the emotions that should go into true friendship are missing in most
instances. In fact, often we find that warm-heartedness for the other person is
influenced by the friend's possession of riches, or his position in society. The
actual ratio of true brotherly inspiied associations to sycophantic ones falls
short of our lowest estimate.
In my estimation the idea' !^riendship is the one between Jonathan and
David. If we but make a study of this friendship we soon realize why our
rabbis refer to it as the ideal friendship.
When Jonathan saw David upon his return from slaying Goliath, "the
soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and he loved him as his own
soul." This is all that is mentioned in reference to the beginning of this beautiful
friendship. These few words describe the nature of true devotion in a touching
manner, the delicate connection whereby two souls become as one.
What inspired Jonathan that he was willing instantly to forget the
contrast in rank, a prince and a shepherd boy, and in one moment direct his
feelings to love David as his own soul? The courage and gallantry, the caution
and, above all, the modesty which David had shown were qualities which
pervaded Jonathan's soul. No vestige of envy that David might divest him
of his military glory found a place in his heart. He became David's life-long
friend from this moment on.
In Jonathan, David had a devoted friend— always by his side willing to
aid him. In him he had a source of counsel and advice; a person in whom he
could confide and to whom he could fell all his troubles.
When Saul, Jonathan's father, was hunting and seeking to kill David,
the latter met Jonathan on numerous occasions and related to hJm his plight.
- SIXTY-RVE ■
Jonathan shared David's grief and did whatever he could to aid him. He suc-
ceeded on one occasion in alleviating the bitterness of his father towards David.
He arranged for a reconciliation between them. But the fire which glimmered
beneath the ashes shoon broke out anew and Saul was once more seeking
David's life. When Jonathan came to David's aid, again his father refused to
listen to his pleading and publicly called him a traitor. In spite of this, Jonathan
persisted in helping and advising his beloved friend. David never forgot this
and provided for Jonathan's lame son, after Jonathan was slain.
When David sang his elegy, his grief was great indeed. He had lost
his dearest friend, one whom he loved with all his heart, a man whom he
trusted at all times and one who he knew well loved him. His love for Jonathan
v/as all the greater because it was joined with respect for his noble character.
David saw in him a bright example of love and obedience to G-d, duty to his
parents, and loyalty to his king. Even though Jonathan felt bitter against Saul's
evil behavior toward David, we still see in spite of what Saul claimed, it never
led him into rebellion and disobedience for David's sake. He was at his father's
side even in death and died bravely, falling in battle beside him. By this glorious
act he removed the stain which Saul had placed on him when he called him a trai-
tor. Jonathan recollected that the conduct of others, whether parent or friend
or neighbor, is no excuse for anyone for neglecting his own duty or breaking
any of the Torah's commandments. When David saw his friend setting so holy an
example of simple obedience and faith, it encouraged him to do likewise.
For we never read about disloyal speeches or rebellious conduct towards
Saul on David's part, although he was sorely tried and persecuted by Saul.
Our rabbis have said that the friendship of David and Jonathan was
great because it didn't hinge upon material things. They explain this by saying
that if we become friendly to a person because he has riches, our friendship
will not endure. Once the man will lose his riches we will have no further reason
to love him. A friendship will be dissolved as soon as the material factor is
gone. However, if a friendship towards a person stems from admiration of
character, that friendship will always remain.
Now, what conclusions have we reached from the study of Jonathan
and David's friendship? In the first place we have seen that friendship should
- SIXTY-SIX -
be based upon immaterial considerations. It should arise from admiration of a
person's character and his traits. In forming friendships we should not look for
personal gains. In looking for a friend we should seek one to whom we may be
straightforward and unpretentious — one to whom we can relate our joys and
sorrows — one to whom we can look for advice in our hour of need — and
finally, one who will help us if he can.
There are people who claim that a true friend should be willing to
stand by and help at any time without consideration of whether it is right or
wrong to do so, and the one who does not do this is not a true friend. This is
a false premise, as we have seen from Jonathan's example. No one who loves
us better than he loves truth and obedience to G-d is a, safe friend to have
or one to desire. If we strike up a friendship we should be sure that the only
kind of influence exerted on us by our friends would be one of good and not
require of us to overstep our limits and break the Torah's commandments.
"When wealth is lost, nothing is lost;
When health is lost, something is lost ;
When friendship is lost, all is lost. Anonymous
- 5IXTY-3EVEN .
By HENRY E. HARTMAN
Bombs and bullets, sweat and pain,
The men, they die soaked in rain.
While in the rooms with lights so bright.
Sit men who ponder o'er their plight.
The boys they fight and yell and scream.
While others merely sit and dream.
United Nations every one.
They talk of using no more gun.
Together they sit so hushed and tense.
Each alone — a man of sense.
West and East, yellow and white.
They work clear into the night.
Speak softly, O you men so wise.
Can't you halt all these lies?
For peace the whole world truly craves.
And for this goal, there lie many graves.
Bring peace you men of many lands,
Bring peace to all our tortured lands.
So men may work and love and say:
The United Nations have brought this day.
By AVRAM ORBACH
"Cans't thou not minister to a mind diseased,
Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow.
Raze out the written troubles of the brain
And with some sweet oblivious antidote
Cleanse the stuff'd bosom of that perilous stuff
Which weighs upon the heart."
With these words, Shakespeare's Macbeth addresses the doctor who
has taken charge of Lady Macbeth. And in reply, the physician answers:
"Therein the patient must minister unto himself."
Today, such an answer would not suffice. When one visits a physician
nowadays, he expects a great deal more than did Macbeth. The mentally ill
expect an immediate and lasting cure. Any cures existing then were short-lived
and required that much time be spent in the doctor's office.
Superstition, prejudice, mysticism and magic, which throughout the ages
nad been consistently associated with the abnormal mind, have made for the
slow development of psychoanalysis. If we are finally on the right track to the
cure of the mentally it is only because man, from the very dawn of history,
has been interested in the workings of the mind. It is only natural, therefore,
that some sort of psychiatric knowledge should develop.
It is possible that the true forebears of psychiatry were those cave men
who lived thousands of years ago in the region of France near the site of
present-day Paris. Skulls found in that region show evidence of trephining.
which would establish the cave men as the earliest surgeons. But there must
have been a reason for opening the skull and it is assumed by some scientists
today that the purpose may have been to release derr.ons which had supposedly
entered the brain. Some unusually bright witch doctor had probably noticed
that an injury to the head was frequently followed by strange actions on the
part of the person who had suffered the damage, thus noting the relationship
between the brain and behavior. Strangely enough, trephining is one of the
techniques used today for the purpose of relieving pressure on the brain caused
by tumors and brain injuries, which may be the cause of abnormal behavior
The ancient Egyptians also held to the demoniacal theory of the causes
of mental illnesses. These they attempted to cure by exorcising the devils
through incantations and prayers. They later added physical remedies, such
as prescriptions of certain herbs and ointments, which were supposed to have
So we see that mental illness was then thought to be due to the influence
of supernatural powers. The doctor and the priest were combined into one
person — the "shaman" or medicine man. When the medicine man mumbled
his magic incantations— what scientific hypnotism now calls "suggestive com-
mands"— the primitive imagined that this mumbo jumbo actually drove out the
Hippocrates, the "Father of AAodern Medicine", seems to have been the
first person to recognize the fact that mental disease was not dissimilar to
other diseases, that the brain was the center of intellectual activity, and that
there were different forms of mental disease. While Hippocrates showed the
way of a more effecive understanding of the mind,, Asclepiades, a Greek physi-
cian, and Areteus, a Roman physician, prescribed diet, massage, and bathing
for mental patients.
- SEVENiy ^
While the aforementioned helped in the cure of the mentally ill, the
names of Pinel, Tuke, Connolly, Reil, and Dix will always stand out as the most
important in the development of good institutional care for the insane. Their
contribution of bringing science and humanity into the treatment of the insane
will never be forgotten.
The modern era of psychiatry began with the work of Franz Anton
Mesmer, a young physician who was born in Germany in the year 1734.
Studying medicine at the University of Vienna, young Mesmer graduated and
became a physician. Though through the work of this man we have finally
brought psychiatry to the high standard it has today, the status of the medical
profession at that time was far from being high. The reader may judge this
for himself by the title of Mesmer's graduating thesis, "The Influence of the
Planets in the Cure of Disease." Today such a title would be considered sheer
bunkum. In Mesmer's time, however, astrological notions were accorded a
respectful hearing. In this dissertation Mesmer claimed that all human beings
lived under the influence of the stars, which was being exercised by means
of a constant flow of magnetic fluid which filled the universe and which was
transmissible from one person to another. He declared that the equitable
distribution of this fluid through the human body protected man from disease.
Widening his theory still further brought his interest to the curative
properties of magnets and to the cure of patients by "animal magnetism."
Mesmer believed that by applying magnets to the feet and throat of a hysterical
patient, the magnet would actually draw the sickness out of the sick person
and into the magnet itself. He soon acquired a tremendous practice and people
from all over Europe flocked to his "magnetic seances". But Mesmer was soon
to leave Vienna, where he had been practicing all this time. A campaign
agains. him had started and in a cloud of abusive and heated recriminations,
fie was compelled to go into exile. He went to Paris and experienced, once
again, a short-lived but enormous success.
That Mesmer produced cures cannot be denied. In fact, sonne of them
are famous: Dr. Osterwald, a director of the Academy of Science in Munich,
was cured of paralysis; Professor Baur was cured of blin:!ness, and there was
a succession of many well authenticated cases vvhere all other medication had
failed. But the fate of an inventor is seldom a happy one. Mesmer's work was
new and therefore considered dangerous and objectionable to established
thought in Paris just as it had been in Vienna. To accept his work would require
an entirely different outlook. In all fairness to his critics, it must be stated
that Mesmer's premises were decidedly weak. And yet the fact that he was
achieving highly unusual cures should have been enough for a scientific inves-
tigation on a tolerant basis. Instead, he received so much opposition from all
sorts of groups, including medical ones, that the government officially forbade
During the same year that Mesmer fell into disrepute, Cojnt Puysegur,
a pupil and co-worker of Mesmer, discovered a patient who did not go through
the painful spasms and convulsive crisis ordinarily associated with magnetism.
Instead, this patient went into a peaceful sleep. When the patient awoke, he
was unable to remember anything that had happened to him. On subsequent
experiments. Count Puysegur found that, in this state of trance, his patient
responded to his commands and generally acted as though he were in touch
with the outside world only through the medium of the "magnetizer."
Although the art was again denounced by science, religion and medicine,
it had taken root firmly and research went on.
Eventually, an English physician, James Braid, discovered that hypnosis
had nothing to do with magnetism. Braid began to hypnotize patients merely
by having them fix their eyes on a bright object, thus inducing a pathological
fatigue of the eye muscles, which in turn induced sleep. He found this pro-
cedure more effective and much more efficient than the roundabout maneuvers
used by the magnetizers. And a new group of words describing this new
phenomenon came into being, namely, hypnotism, hypnotic, hypnosis and
hypnotize, derived from the Greek word "hypnos", meaning sleep.
. SEVENTY-TWO -
Once the facts concerning mental disease were known, the way for its
application was psychiatry's next step.
■A great deal of today's knowledge of psychiatry can be directly
attributed to tne worn ui one rridri ~ ur. bigmund hreua.
Sigmund Freud was born in the year 1856 of Jewish parentage, in
Moravia, formerly Austria, now Czechoslovakia. Although the family was
very poor and the expense of schooling high, his father supported Sigmund's
desire for an education. Taking an early interest in medicine, Freud entered
the university at the age of seventeen. It was while attending the university
that he met the full force of the prejudice toward the Jews. This affected
Freud strongly. As to the influence of this discrimination, he comments-.
"... These first university impressions produced one very important
result for the future. I became familiar early with my destiny— to belong
to the opposition and to be proscribed from the 'compact majority.'
A certain independence of judgment was in this way developed."
While still in the university, he worked for a number of years in the
physiological laboratory of the famous Ernest Brucke, who was his teacher. It
was here that he made the acquaintance of Dr. Joseph Breuer, a prominent
general practitioner of high scientific standing. Knowing Freud's interest in
neurology and psychiatry, Breuer gave him an account of a very interesting case
of hysteria which he had studied and cured by hypnosis.
The case involved a young girl of unusual education and talent, who
had become ill while nursing her father to whom she was very much attached.
After the onset of her nervous illness, her father's death occurred and caused her
to become much worse. Dr. Bruer states that when he took her as a patient
she showed symptoms of paralysis and states of psychic confusion. Through
an accidental observation, Breuer discovered that the patient could be freed
from such disturbances of consciousness if she could be enabled to give verbal
expression to the fantasies which dominated her. Breuer, therefore, hypnotized
her and urged her to tell him what oppressed her at the time and by this simple
method he freed her from all her symptoms. The significance of the case was in
the fact that while awake the patient knew nothing about the origin of her
symptoms, but once hypnotized, she immediately knew the connection between
her symptoms and some of her past experiences. All her symptoms were
traceable to experiences during the time when she had nursed her sick father.
- SEVENTY-THREE -
Moreover, the symptoms were not arbitrary and senseless, but could be traced
to definite experiences and forgotten reminiscences of that emotional situation.
Although Breuer told Freud about this wonderful discovery, he did not
publish his findings. Freud could not understand why. The discovery seemed
to him of inestimable value. In fact, Freud began immediately to apply the
same procedure with his own patients and was able to verify the results in
a number of cases. He then urged Breuer to report with him the results of his
method and in 1893 they jointly issued "Studies in Hysteria".
However, Breuer's and Freud's discoveries were not received as sympathe-
tically as the authors had expected. As a result, very soon after the appearance
of the publication, Breuer withdrew from the field.
But Freud was convinced that he was right. He continued his investi-
gations and soon discovered that hypnosis was not necessary in bringing forth
his patients' unconscious memories. Instead, by having the patient assume a
relaxed, reclining position while discussing his life's experience, these memories
became accessible through the free association of ideas. This was to be the
beginning of the development of the psychoanalytic technique, which is today
a useful tool in the treatment of neurotic conditions.
Freud continued his work against great opposition. His theory of an
unconscious as well as conscious mind was too much for many of the people
of his time to comprehend. But eventually the Freudian theories became ac-
cepted and his work drew some of the ablest men in the world.
Among the men attracted to Freud were Carl Jung and Alfred Adler.
However, they gradually drifted away and established schools of thought of
their own. Adler believed that frustration of the desire for superiority over
others was largely the causative factor in neurotic disorders. Jung supported
the theory that fears could be traced to the early beginnings of man and
neurotic behavior could be traced to certain archaic fear patterns.
Thus we see that modern psychiatry is based on certain foundations
which are unique in themselves; that it is at once simple and vastly complicated;
and that this combination of paradoxes has made it one of he most fascinating
fields of work open to man today.
EXTEND CONGRATULATIONS UPON THE GRADUATION
OF HIS NEPHEW
SHELDON E. KORNBLUTH
ROBERT E. BRODSKY
McKesson & Robbins
MRS. LILLIAN KEOGH
Gallagher & Burtons
HERB FRIEDMAN SOL LIPSKY
Standard Wine and Liquor Corp. Oxford Distributors
- SEVENTY-SIX -
EXTEND CONGRATULATIONS UPON THE GRADUATION
OF HIS NEPHEW
SHELDON E. KORNBLUTH
YOUNG MOTORS Inc.
1689 BEDFORD AVENUE
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
BU 4- 4444
Star Liquors Dealers
Brown Forman Distillers
Chateau Martin Wine
■ SEVENTY-SEVEN •
— OF —
MR. and MRS.
2227 78th STREET
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
— Compliments of —
BESTFORM FOUNDATIONS Inc.
6474 WEST 23rd STREET
NEW YORK CITY
— Compliments of —
MR. & MRS. O. HARTMAN
In honor of the graduation of their son
— Compliments of —
MR. MARTIN KLEIN
- Compliments of -
YESHIVA UNIVERSITY WOMEN'S ORGANIZATION
MRS. JOSEPH G, GREENBERG, President
SI VLNIY NINE -
— Compliments to —
MRS. I. ZBARSKY
MR. & MRS. K. STEIN
— Compliments of —
FIRST CONG. ANSHE SFARD OF BORO PARK
4502 14th AVENUE
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
FULL DRESS, TUXEDO SUITS, CUTAWAYS, BRIDAL OUTFITS
EVENING GOWNS and WRAPS
TO HIRE and FOR SALE
455 STONE AVENUE
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
— Compliments to —
ON HIS GRADUATION
MR. & MRS. J. JOSHUA GOLDBERG
— Compliments of —
MRS. M. JAFFE
— Compliments of -
MR. & MRS. MAX LEVENSON
TO THE CLASS OF JANUARY 1951
— Compliments of —
35 WORTH STREET
NEW YORK CITY
GARTENBERG & SCHECTER'S
PIONEER COUNTRY CLUB
GREENFIELD PARK, N. Y.
Private Mile Long Lake All Modern Conveniences
Filtered Swimming Pool
Private 9 Hole Golf Course Children's Day Camp
KASHRUTH & SHABBATH STRICTLY OBSERVED
HOTEL EDWARD, MIAMI BEACH, FLORIDA -OPEN ALL YEAR
— Complimenis of —
S. Fraukel Woolen Mills Corp.
3 WEST 29th STREET
NEW YORK CITY
... Complimenis of ...
Bert & Helen's Candy Shop
"SERVICE WITH A SMILE"
BEDFORD AVENUE Corner PRESIDENT STREET
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
Boro Fuel Oil Co.
Metered and Filtered Oils for your Protection
2 CHURCH AVENUE
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
Dworetsky Bros. & Lassar
CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS
5406 MYRTLE AVENUE
BROOKLYN, N. '
— Compliments of —
... Compliments of ...
Mr. & Mrs. Nathan Hausnian
Mr. & Mrs. Moses H. Hoenig
UPON HIS GRADUATION
Mr. & Mrs. M. Kotkes
- EIGHTY-TWO -
... Compliments of ...
Josepli I. Lesser
107 WILLIAM STREET
NEW YORK CITY
— Complimenis of
Mr. & Mrs. Max H. Levine
... Compllmsnts of ...
333 ROGERS AVENUE
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
UPON HIS GRADUATION
Mr. & Mrs. Rihack
8 BILLS PLACE
BROOKLYN, N. Y
Biirloii A. Silherinan
... Compliments of ...
Star Soap Co.
KOSHER SOAP and YAHRZEIT LAMPS
304 NORTH 7lh STREET
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
— Compliments of —
The Graduating Class of June 1951
T. A. Baskelball Team
. EIGHTY-THREE -
Mr. & Mrs. Elias Felig
Compliments of -
Mr. Samuel Furmau
1532 50fh STREET
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
— Compliments of —
5201 14th AVENUE
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
Compliments ;o —
Mr. & Mrs. Samuel Horn
IN HONOR OF THE GRADUATION Of THEIR SON
Compliments of —
Mr. & Mrs. D. Spiudell
Compliments of . -
Mr. & Mrs. William Schrader
5100 15th AVENUE
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
— Compliments to ■
Mr. iS: Mrs. Isidore S. Richter
IN HONOR OF THE GRADUATION OF THEIR SON
Greetings to our NEPHEW
MR. & MRS. EPHRAIM KRAMER
JACOB 5ELIG KRUMBEIN
Orders Promptly Filled
GEORGE LEVY'S FOOD STORE
5023 13th AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
A FRIEND OF
... Complim*nlt ot ...
DIANE, DANIEL, EVELYN MEHLMAN
MR. & MRS. BENJAMIN NEUGEBOREN
and Gerrold David
MR. & MRS. MAX NEUSTADTER
MR. & MRS. JACK OJZERKIS
SEYMOUR ROME and FAMILY
SAVOY GARDENS Inc.
408-10 DITMAS AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
CHAS. SCHATZ Inc.
1S2 1H1500P AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
IRiangle 5-4300 PResident 8-2606
44 COURT STREET, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
MR. & MRS. G. SCHWARTZ
'.105 16th AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
ANNA F. SCHWARTZ
no V/ILLIAM STREET, NEW YORK CITY
MR. & MRS. L. SHORR
1221 45th STREET, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
1596 BEDFORD AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
THE OLSHIN FAMILY
ESSO PERLA BROS.
AUTHORIZED SALES & SERVICE
1550 BEDFORD AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
Peretz & Pearl Family Circle
In Honor of NORMAN'S Graduation
BEST OF LUCK
Congratulations to OUR GRANDSON
MR. & MRS. N. SILVERMAN
57 BRISTOL STREET, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
883 NOSTRAND AVENUE,. BROOKLYN. N. Y.
IKE D. SPIEGEL
Mr. & Mrs. J. Dashevsky
1917 CHURCH AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
EBBETS FIELD SERVICE STATION Inc.
Cars Washed and Lubricated
1572-1590 BEDFORD AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
MR. & MRS. LOUIS EDISON
On Her Second Birthday
38 N. CLINTON AVENUE, BAY SHORE, N. Y.
EVA HELLER ANTIQUES
382 AMSTERDAM AVENUE, NEW YORK CITY
Treasurer of Yeshiva Etz Chaim
MR. JOSEPH HOFFMAN and FAMILY
MR. & MRS. I. C. HORN
RIVERVIE>A' GARDENS, NO. ARLINGTON, N. J.
MR. & MRS. LOUIS HUTTLER
In Honor ot the Graduation of their Son REUBEN
- EIGHTY ;:x-
BOYS' and MEN'S WEAR
5115 13th AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
MR. & MRS. WILL FRIEND
Mendie, Michael, Abraham
FEIT & JAFFE
810 WASHINGTON AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
MR. SAMUEL FURMAN
Uncle Irving Aunt Mildred & Mrs. Green
Compliments of Families
GREENBAUM, ROSBASCH, & MANDEL
Mr. & Mrs. C. Halbfinger & Family
1402 STERLING PL BROOKLYN, N. Y.
SIDNEY F. MORTON KWESTEL
HYMAN & MORRIS LIFSCHITZ
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
55 WEST 42nd STREET, NEW YOK CITY
Quality Fruit and Vegetable Market
1076 FLATBUSH AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
MR. & MRS. ISRAEL GROSSMAN
1152 52nd STREET, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
888 FRANKLIN AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
Belated Congratulations to Our Son
Upon His Graduation June 1950 from
Mom, Dad, & Family
MR & MRS. ABRAHAM SKYDELL
79 ASTORIA A .ENUE, BRIDGEPORT, CONN.
MRS. SARAH TEKULSKY
RETAIL FLOOR COVERING
36 TOMPKINS AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N, Y.
TOPS SERVICE STATION
■TOPS THEM ALL"
1082 UNION STREET, BROOKLYN.. N. Y..
Jobber in Hosiery and' Underwear
90 ORCHID- STREET, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
MR. & MRS. JACK WIESELMAN
MR. & MRS. B. WIESER
Best Wishes to
Upon his Graduation
Mr. & Mrs. Weinstein
Best Wishes to
Mr. & Mrs. Weissmari
Sister & Brother
MA 2-9700 SALVATORE GIAMBRONE
Aa AUTO REPAIR SHOP
CADILAC & OLDS. SPECIALTY
1572-90 BEDFORD AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
Upon his Graduation from
Mr. & Mrs. Harry Adler and Family
36 WEST 20th STREET, NEW YORK CITY
ATLANTIC CLOTHING CO., Inc.
Manufacturers of Men's and Boys' Clothing
Shomrei Shabos - Non Shatnes Clothes
1 ALLEN STREET,, NEW YORIC CITY
BROOKS FURNITURE & CARPET CORP..
2247 THIRD AVENUE, NEW YORK CITY
1618 BEDFORD AVENUE, BROOKLYN,. N. Y.
Tropical Fish, Toys, Dolls,- Tankr
847 FRANKLIN AVENUE
SINGER'S APPETIZING & NASHEREL
393 KINGSTON AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
— Compliments of —
H. WOOL & SONS, Inc.
BUTTER, CHEESE, CREAM AND EGGS
137 READE STREET
NEW YORK CITY
MR. & MRS. BEN AARONSON
In Honor of
MR. & MRS. I. GORDON & SONS
In Honor of
RABBI & MRS. L. STERN
DR. & MRS. DWORETZKY
1676 53rd STREET, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
MR. & MRS. MAX FEDER
JERRY'S BIKE SHOP
Bicycles sold, rented and repaired
4307 14th AVENUE, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
MR, & MRS. BENJAMIN KAT2
Besl' Wishes to
MY GRADUATING CLASS
Eest Wishes to
Upon his Graduation
Upon his Graduation
In Memory of my Grandparents
NATHAN & SARAH SHARASHOFF
- EIGHTY-NINE ■
I. BAAS PHARMACY
DR. JOSEPH BENSON
DR. STANLEY R. BENSON
A FRIEND OF M. BERLIN
BEN'S APPETIZING STORE
A FRIEND OF JACOB BLAZER
BLATT'S DEPARTMENT STORE
BROOKLYN MUSIC HOUSE
LEONARD ALLEN EPSTEIN
MR. & MRS. JUDAH FALIK & FAMILY
MR. & MRS. ABRAHAM GORDON
MR. & MRS. JACOB HALEM
NORMAN HARRIS FLORISTS
MR. & MRS. HARRY HIMELSTEIN
HODY'S BAKERY SHOMER SHABBOS
IRWIN S. HORN
I. G. LAMP MFG. CO.
ISRAEL MEAT CO.
JACK'S FISH MARKET
JAY'S STATIONERY STORE
JAYNEL'S MUSIC SHOP
A FRIEND OF THE YESHIVA
JOSEPH KACKAW KOSHER BUTCHER
GEORGE LEVY FOOD STORE
MR. & MRS. R. LEIFER
KHILATH BNEI ERETZ ISRAEL
PHIL'S "MANORAH" BAKERY
P. & R. SHOMER SHABBOS GROCERY
MR. L. SACKLOW
RABBI ELIAS SCHWARTZ
DAVID E- SHER & FAMILY
DR. & MRS. HARRY SOHN
MR. & MRS. LOUIS TOKAYER
- NINETY -
We are very proud to announce the following
graduate have won State Scholarship this year:
MELVIN S. COHEN
We are equally proud of all those graduates
that have won these Scholarship in past years
- NINETY-ONE -